Defect stability in phase-field crystal models: Stacking faults and partial dislocations

Publication Type
Journal Article
Year of Publication
Berry, Joel
Provatas, Nikolas
Rottler, Jörg
Sinclair, Chad W.
Name of Publication
Physical Review B
Date Published

The primary factors controlling defect stability in phase-field crystal ({PFC)} models are examined, with illustrative examples involving several existing variations of the model. Guidelines are presented for constructing models with stable defect structures that maintain high numerical efficiency. The general framework combines both long-range elastic fields and basic features of atomic-level core structures, with defect dynamics operable over diffusive time scales. Fundamental elements of the resulting defect physics are characterized for the case of fcc crystals. Stacking faults and split Shockley partial dislocations are stabilized for the first time within the {PFC} formalism, and various properties of associated defect structures are characterized. These include the dissociation width of perfect edge and screw dislocations, the effect of applied stresses on dissociation, Peierls strains for glide, and dynamic contraction of gliding pairs of partials. Our results in general are shown to compare favorably with continuum elastic theories and experimental findings.